Day-13 (तेरहवां दिन)

Summary & Exercise for Practice

पाठ्यक्रम के इस भाग में  Statement  के केवल एक ही Formula (State Verb Sentences) का अध्ययन-अध्यापन कराया गया  है । जिसका अर्थ यह समझाया गया था कि स्थिति बताने वाले वाक्यों को State Verb Sentences कहा जाता है ।

यह Formula है –

   SUBJECT + State Verb +  OBJECT.     

इस एक ही Formula से न केवल हम अंग्रेज बोलना एवं लिखना सीख चुके हैं अपितु हम अनेक क्षेत्रों में लागू कर विविधता से इसका उपयोग कर सकते हैं । व्यवहारिक जीवन के विभिन्न क्षेत्र में इसका प्रयोग निम्नानुसार किया जा सकता है जिनका अवलोकन करने के पश्चात् इस Formula की गहराई से हम अवगत् हो जावेंगे –

Ø किसी व्यक्ति के विषय में
किसी व्यक्ति की स्थिति के अंतर्गत उसकी नौकरी/व्यवसाय/पद/जाति/धर्म/ राष्ट्रीयता की बताना –

1.      Mrs Kirti Tiwari is a professor.
2.      My father is a businessman.
3.      My friend is an engineer.
4.      You are a good person.
5.      He is a doctor.
6.      She is a house-wife.
7.      They are teachers.
8.      We are Indians.
9.      She is a Panjabi.
10.  My uncle is in army.
11. Mr. Baghel is in politics.
12. Mr. Bachchan is in film industry.
13. Sachin is a cricketer.
14. Ambanis are industrialists.
15. We are learners.

Ø किसी व्यक्ति/वस्तु की पहचान के विषय में
किसी व्यक्ति /वस्तु की पहचान बताने हेतु this/these/that/those का उपयोग किया जाता है –

1.      This is a pen.
2.      These are colour pencils.
3.      That is a book.
4.      This is a watch.
5.      That is a car.
6.      Those are scooters.
7.      This is an apple.
8.      Those are oranges.
9.      These are our students.
10. That is the only girl student.
11. Those are players.
12. This is my principal.
13. This is Mr Subramanian.
14. This is my teacher.
15. This is Mr Rahman.
16. This is Dhairya.
17. This is my son.
18. This is my father.
19. This is his mother.
20. These are visitors.

Ø किसी व्यक्ति/वस्तु आंतरिक एवं बाहरी Properties के विषय में
किसी व्यक्ति/वस्तु के गुण-दोष (आंतरिक) रंग, रुप, आकार (बाहरी) बताना –

1.      Rajesh is tall.
2.      Sheela is short.
3.      Pradeep is fat.
4.      The sun is hot.
5.      The earth is round.
6.      The cricket ground is oval.
7.      Roads are wide.
8.      The path is long.
9.      That shirt is red.
10. This car is yellow.
11. Milk is white.
12. Coal is black.
13.  Gold is a soft metal.
14. Iron is a hard metal.
15. Preeti is beautiful.
16. Neerja is intelligent.
17. Mita is honest.
18. A crow is black.
19. A swan is white.
20. Bindal is fifty years old.
21. Rinki is a twenty old girl.
22. This college is 62 years old.
23. That a 150 years old temple.
24. The lake is thousand years old.
25. Air is fresh in the morning.

Ø समय, वातावरण आदि की जानकारी हेतु -
समय (सेकंड,मिनिट,घंटे,दिन,महिन,वर्ष इत्यादि) के किसी भाग, वातवरण या किसी प्रकार की ऋतु के विषय में बताने it  का उपयोग किया जाता है - 
(1)   It is 6 O’clock. या It is 6 in the morning. या It is just six.
(2)   It is morning/afternoon/evening/night/midnight.
(3)   It is Sunday today.
(4)   It is January.
(5)   It is 9th October today.
(6)   It was 2010.
(7)   It is 21st Century.
(8)   It is winter.
(9)   It was summer.
(10)          It is a hot day.
(11)          It is a cool day.
(12)          It is a very high mountain.
(13)          It is a dirty river.
(14)          It is a clean city.
(15)          It is a green city.

Ø Their के उपयोग से व्यक्ति/वस्तु के विषय में बताना –

1.      There is a paper on the table.
2.      There are some books in the selves.
3.      There are many temples in Ujjain.
4.      There are many gardens in Banglore.
5.      There is a fort in my village.
6.      There are students in the classroom.
7.      There are visitors in the garden.
8.      There are players in the ground.
9.      There is a rice mill in the city.
10. There is a crowd in the cinema hall.
11. There are many rooms in the hotel.
12. There are snakes in Tapkara.
13. There are a few students in the class room.
14. There are good books in the library.
15. There are many children in the garden.

Ø साधारणतः State Verb Sentences में is/am/are/was/were का उपयोग कर किसी व्यक्ति/वस्तु के Present/Past  Status  के विषय में बताया जाता है । यहां ऐसे State Verb Sentences बताये जा रहें है जिसमें Future program  के विषय में बताया जा सकता है –

1.      There is a meeting today.
2.      There is a cricket match tomorrow.
3.      There is a party at hotel Babylon.
4.      There is a quiz competition in the college.
5.      There was PTM (Parents Teacher meeting) in the school.

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